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Wednesday, 18 Sep 2019

Food security will take a severe blow due to climate change and land degradation

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News24xx.com -  Food security is set to take a severe blow due to climate change and land degradation. The global demand for food is expected to increase by 50 per cent, but yields may decline by 30 per cent by 2050.

The Global Commission on Adaptation (GCA), led by former UN secretary general Ban Ki-moon, assesses that the world is staring at a massive food crisis.

India is among the 19 countries, which are a part of the GCA, and Environment Secretary CK Mishra is one of its commissioners.

The report was released at the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) COP 14 and highlighted that desertification was not an imaginary scenario and if climate adaptation was not invested in, inequalities will rise and affect the most vulnerable communities.

"Desertification is not an imaginary scenario as data is with us now. Degradation of habitat is affecting the species and most vulnerable communities.

"By 2050, we will need 50 per cent more crops to feed 10 billion people. The focus so far has been on climate mitigation but this should not be done at the expense of adaptation," UNCCD Executive Secretary Ibrahim Thiaw said while releasing the report.

In the absence of concrete measures to tackle climate crisis, the demand for food will increase by 50 per cent globally and yields may decline by up to 30 per cent by 2050.

The report added that a more resilient food future will rely on sharp increases in agricultural research and development, which has demonstrated benefit-cost ratios between 2:1 and 17:1.”

The report emphasised on the need for a sustainable, climate-smart production and change in access to information, innovative technologies, and finance to enhance the resilience of 500 million small-scale farming households whose livelihoods are most critically impacted by climate change, per a report by PTI.
 
Currently, 3.6 billion people do not get sufficient water for atleast a month per a year. According to the analysis by the report, the number of those affected may rise to over 5 billion by 2050.

"Rising seas and greater storm surges could force hundreds of millions of people in coastal cities from their homes, with a total cost to coastal urban areas of more than US $1 trillion each year by 2050," it said. 

Additionally, more than 100 million people in the developing countries would be pushed below the poverty line by 2030.
 

 

 

 

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