Thursday, 24 Jan 2019

The discovery an ancestor of the United Kingdom surprised all of researchers in the worldwide


The discovery an ancestor of the United Kingdom surprised all of researchers in the worldwideThe discovery an ancestor of the United Kingdom surprised all of researchers in the worldwide -  A study revealed that the first people of ancient British had black skin, dark curly hair and blue eyes, according to DNA tests.

This 'remarkable' finding was made with the latest genetic testing and facial reconstruction techniques performed for the first time on the 'Cheddar Man' bone that died 10,000 years ago.

The bones that found in Somerset's Cheddar Gorge, are the oldest almost complete human skeleton ever found in Britain and scientists say they were surprised to learn that the first of English man had a black skin.

The Natural History Museum and Channel 4 unveiled an ancient human reconstruction made for a documentary entitled: The First Brit: Secrets of the 10,000 Year Old Man

The bone of Cheddar Man was found in Cheddar Gorge, Somerset in 1903.

For more than 100 years, scientists have tried to reveal the story of Cheddar Man, bolting the theory of what he looks like, where he comes from, and what he can tell about the first British ancestors.

With the latest DNA reconstruction and reconstruction techniques, we can see for the first time the face of 10,000 year old man.

Experts from the museum and University College London conducted a genetic test on the corpse that found in Gough Cave, which was taken by drilling bones in the skull and sequencing the DNA stored in it.

Dr Tom Booth, a scientist from the museum said that there is a 76 percent chance that Cheddar Man is a black man.

A previous reconstruction of Cheddar Man, that made by the University of Manchester before DNA tests was available, described it with whites.

Professor Ian Barnes, a geneticist, who worked on the investigation said that the discovery of the first black English man was not expected.

He said: 'I assume it will be a big surprise for most members of the community. Of course this is a big surprise for me. "

England in the era of Mesolitikus, the middle stone age of about 8,000 BC, is a very different place from now.

The Ice Age has just finished and the soil is turning green again. Aurochs - huge wild animals - and red deer roaming the land.

The number of human populations in Britain at that time was only 12,000.

Testing of modern British DNA reveals that the British people have about 10 percent of the same DNA as Cheddar Man and his tribe.

Scientists say that the ancestors of Cheddar Man arrived in England through the Middle East, after leaving Africa.

Professor Ian Barnes, the lead of researcher at the Natural History Museum, told in a documentary film: "For me, it's not just an attractive skin color, but a combination of features that make it look like the person that you see today."

Professor Barnes and Dr. Selina Brace extracted DNA data from bone powder by drilling a 2mm (0.07 inch) hole through the inner ear bone of the skull.

They scanned the skull and a 3D model was produced by Alfons and Adrie Kennis, identical twins from Dutch who made the reconstruction of ancient mammals and early humans.

Cheddar Man, is considered to have a relatively good diet, and his bones show that he is stronger than most people today.

They have also established that this ancient man was a cannibal. They have studied cups made from human skulls that show that this cannibal behavior is driven by a type of ritual rather than a famine.


Can be read in English and 100 other International languages

Versi Mobile