Saturday, 15 Dec 2018

The life story of Stephen Hawking, God and became an atheist


Stephen HawkingStephen Hawking -  Stephen Hawking is known as one of the best mathematical scientists with amazing theories about cosmology, black holes and quantum gravity. He is a Lucasian professor of mathematics at Cambridge University and a member of Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge.

He is known for his contribution in the field of quantum physics, mainly because of his theories about cosmological theory, quantum gravity, black holes, and Hawking radiation. One of his writings is A Brief History of Time, listed on the Sunday Times Sunday bestseller list for 237 consecutive weeks. In 2010 Hawking with Leonard Mladinow compiled the book The Grand Design.
Stephen William Hawking was born on January 8, 1942, in Oxford, England. His father, Frank Hawking, a biologist, and Isobel Hawking. He has two siblings, Philippa and Mary, and a adopt brother named Edward. His father is a well-known researcher in tropical medicine.

Hawking's parents lived in North London and moved to Oxford for a safer place. (At that time, London was under the attack of the German Luftwaffe).

After Hawking was born, their family returned to London. His father then headed the parasitology division at the National Institute for Medical Research. In 1950, Hawking and his family moved to St Albans, Hertfordshire.

There, he attended St. Albans High School for Girls from 1950 to 1953. From the age of eleven, Hawking attended St. Albans. His early school years were marked by unhappiness at school, with his peers and on the playing field.

After receiving a B.A. at Oxford in 1962, he stayed to study astronomy. Although experiencing of tetraplegia (paralysis) due to amiotrophic lateral sclerosis, his scientific career has continued for more than forty years.

His father urged his son to seek a career in medicine, but Stephen found biology and medicine were not exact enough.

Therefore, he turned to the study of mathematics and physics. Hawking has always been interested in science. He was inspired by his mathematics teacher named Dikran Tahta to study mathematics at the university.

His father wanted Hawking to go to University College, Oxford, where his father had gone to school. Hawking then studied about natural science. He got a scholarship, and then specialized in physics. He chose to leave when he learned that he more interested in theory than observation.

And it was then that he was first stricken with Lou Gehrig's disease, a weakening disease of the nervous and muscular system that eventually led to his total confinement in a wheelchair.

Hawking then gone to Trinity Hall, Cambridge. He studied theoretical astronomy and cosmology. Immediately after arriving at Cambridge, the symptoms of amiotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) that make him lose almost all of his neuromuscular control. Hawking received his doctorate degree in 1966.

In 1974, he was unable to eat or wake himself. The voice becomes unclear so it can only be understood by people who know it well. In 1985, he contracted pneumonia and had to do a tracheostomy so he could not speak at all.

Hawking married Jane Wilde in 1965. His marriage in 1965 was an important step in his emotional life. Marriage gave him the determination to live and make professional progress in the world of science.

Jane Hawking took care of it until their divorce in 1991. They are divorced due to the pressure of fame and the increase in Hawking's disability. They have been blessed with three children: Robert (born 1967), Lucy (born 1969), and Timothy (born 1979).

Hawking then married his nurse, Elaine Mason in 1995. In October 2006, Hawking divorce from his second wife.

Until the end of his life, that British physicist and mathematician has made fundamental contributions to the science of cosmology—the study of the origins, structure, and space-time relationships of the universe. Hawking's continuing examination of the nature of black holes led to two important discoveries. The first, that black holes can give off heat, opposed the claim that nothing could escape from a black hole. The second concerned the size of black holes.


Stephen Hawking says flat-out that he doesn't believe in God, but he does believe that space travel offers the best hope for our species' immortality.

In a follow-up book about the quest for the theory of everything, titled "The Grand Design," Hawking said the mechanism behind the origin of the universe was becoming so well known that God was no longer necessary, "Before we understand science, it is natural to believe that God created the universe. But now science offers a more convincing explanation. What I meant by 'we would know the mind of God' is, we would know everything that God would know, if there were a God, which there isn't. I'm an atheist."



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